How many Space Shuttles were built by NASA?

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Space Shuttle during launch6 Space Shuttles were built (although only 5 of them spaceworthy): Challenger, Enterprise, Columbia, Discovery, Atlantis & Endeavour. 4 of them are still around, in various museums.

nameOV designationfirst missionlast missionfate 
Challenger
(OV-099)4 April 1983 (STS-6)28 Jan 1986 (STS-51-L)Disintegrated after launch, killing all seven astronauts on board.
Enterprise(OV-101)n/an/aOn display at the Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum.
Columbia(OV-102)12 April 1981 (STS-1)16 Jan 2003 (STS-107)Destroyed during reentry, killing all seven astronauts on board.
Discovery(OV-103)30 Augustus 1984 (STS-41-D)24 February 2011 (STS-133)On display at the National Air and Space Museum.
Atlantis(OV‑104)3 October 1985 (STS-51-J)8 July 2011 (STS-135)On display at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex.
Endeavour(OV-105)7 May 1992 (STS-49)16 May 2011 (STS-134)On display at the California Science Center
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